Ontario is situated in eastern Canada. It is surrounded by the Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north; to the east by Quebec; to the south by Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York; and to the west by Manitoba. The provincial capital and largest city of Ontario is Toronto, with a population of approximately 3 million. Ontario is also home to Canada’s capital city, Ottawa, with a population of approximately 1.4 million. The total population of Ontario is about 14.6 million people. Ontario is 1.076 million square kilometers in size and it is known for its landscape that includes flat lowlands, lakes, rivers, muskeg, forests and rocky terrain. Ontario is known for its Lake Districts and the Niagara Escarpment. Its climate is mainly humid continental. Ontario yields a great deal of photographic opportunities. The landscape features beautiful waterfalls and rugged Canadian shield rock formation.